Thinking about Revolution

Editorial Board : The Next Front)

Look this is the picture of comrades Mohan Baidhya “Kiran,” the senior Vice Chairman of UNCP (Maoist), Nepal, and of the Secretary CP Gajurel “Gaurav.”  This is the picture of the time, just four years back, when they were arrested and imprisoned by Indian expansionist. In the picture they are in a vehicle encircled by armed forces. It is the scene of the moment, when they were being taken to the Jalpaigudi court of West Bengal, India.

They are nailed. Their hands are not free.  They are imprisoned. But their mind is not empty; they are thinking about their country and the people. Their faces reflect so.  They are calm and quite outwardly, but we can easily garner a red flame burning in their heart. It looks as if they are very anxious and are thinking about “The Great People’s War,” its direction and its forward movement.

We have fought the ten years People’s War, traveling the bloody path of revolution. But at present things are not going in the right direction.   Now we are at the crossroads. We are all very anxious to safeguard the achievements of the ten years People’s War. We can move ahead only after doing it. The “historic” Chunwang meeting of Nepal Communist Party (Maoist) was held in the absence of comrades Kiran and Gaurav. The decisions of Chunwang meeting are the root cause of present obstacles, which are misleading the people and the nation to an illusory situation. That is why, in their two-line struggle, revolutionaries are demanding for the review of the political resolutions made by Chunwang meeting.

The attack by Indian reactionaries upon comrades Kiran and Gaurav, and other revolutionaries was itself intended to make revolutionaries weak in ideology and organization so as to deviate the party in the right wing direction. This attack further aimed at causing the People’s War to be abandoned and moved towards passing the rightist resolution–that is, “sub–stage”: the acceptance of the parliamentary system. Here, we would like to present some extracts from the documents of Chunwang meeting, which openly contradict with the Marxism–Leninism and Maoism in a way that opposes the ideology of the protracted People’s War and the revolutionary theory of State and the revolutions guided by Marx, Lenin and Mao.


Extracts from Chunwang meeting resolution :

1.The proletariat revolutionaries of the 21st century need to pay their serious attention towards that fact that in today’s ground reality, Lenin and Mao’s analysis of imperialism and various notions relation to proletariat strategies based on it have lagged behind.’ As Marxism was born in an age of competitive capitalism, the strategies and working policy formulated during the times of Marx had become old when they arrived at Lenin’s times of imperialism and proletariat revolution. Similarly, the ideologies developed by Lenin and Mao at the initial phase of international imperialism and proletariat revolution have become inadequate and lagged behind at the present imperialistic phase. Therefore, ‘the main issue is to develop MLM in the 21st century and to determine a new proletariat strategy. (Political and Organizational Resolution, November 2005)

2.Now the slogan of interim government, election of the constituent assembly and democratic republic that our party, taking into account of the international and domestic balance of power, has formulated is a tactical slogan put forward for the forward-looking political way out. Remaining clear on the principle that the tactic must serve strategy, our party has viewed the democratic republic neither as the bourgeois parliamentarian republic nor directly as the new democratic one. This republic with an extensive reorganization of the state power as to resolve the problems related with class, nationality, region and sex prevailing in the country, would play a role of transitional multiparty republic. Certainly, the reactionary class and their parties will try to transform this republic into bourgeois parliamentarian one, where as our party of the proletariat class will try to transform it into new democratic republic. How long will be the period of transition, is not a thing that can right now be ascertained. It is clear that it will depend upon the then national and international situation and state of power balance. As for now, this slogan has played and will play an important role to unite all the forces against the absolute monarchy dominant in the old state for it has been a common enemy for both revolutionary and parliamentarian forces. Both of the understandings that the slogan of constituent assembly and democratic republic is a pure political and diplomatic manoeuvring to be never applied or as a strategic slogan to be never changed i.e. to be applied in any condition are wrong.”  (Political and Organizational Resolution, November 2005)

Chunwang meeting was the planned way to abandon the People’s War and indirectly accept the bourgeois democracy.  There is no need to explain it any more as the extracts are themselves explicit. It is enough for a conscious reader and viewer. Some lines from the document of CPI (ML) Naxalbari make the situation clearer:


The suicidal nature of the deterioration of the party was surely apparent. After all, without the party what was there to ensure a return to government? But logic was operating here. It becomes clear when the deterioration of the party is seen as a simultaneous re-organisation, a reorganisation making it suitable for the rightist course embarked upon by the leadership. This was confirmed and cemented with the unity of the CPN(Maoist) with a section that came out of the revisionist CPN (Unity Center-Mashal). In the unity moves of the past, MLM based synthesis (eating up) of different streams breaking off from revisionist or reformist parties was prominent. Contrary to this, the present unity leading to the formation of the UCPN(Maoist) represented a further step in ideological, political and organisational dilution of the CPN(Maoist). It conceded significant ground to rightist liquidationism. The formulation on ideology, Marxism-Leninism-Maoism was opportunistically changed to Marxism-Leninism-Maoism/Mao Tsetung Thought for the sake of this unity. The struggle waged earlier by the CPN(Maoist) to insist on the term Maoism and its opposition to any view that saw the adoption of Maoism as a mere matter of words, were conveniently forgotten. If not for the resistance from the revolutionary left within the party ‘Maoism’ would have been dropped from the name of the unified party itself.

(On the line and tactics of the Nepal Maoist movement, October 2010)


Several months have passed since the 6th extended meeting of Palungtar.  Nothing has changed. Day to day things have gone worse. A huge number of cadres, especially the middle and lower order party members, and the grass-root cadres, want People’s revolt; they are ready even to start the gorilla war again. Now there are only two ways and two alternatives in front of revolutionaries: start revolution or go down to liquidation. In our opinion now the time has come to make a new and bold choice. Mere dissatisfaction will do nothing. It needs a strong dedication, conviction and will power to move the revolution to the resolution. “Every step of real movement is more important than a dozen programmes.”  We must keep in mind this famous saying of Marx. As Marx said and Mao repeatedly mentioned: It is right to rebel. Really, it is right to rebel


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