A New Book on Maoist Movement

mao bhahasby : The Next Front
Maoist Movement in Discourse
This is a new book on Maoist Movement, compiled by Rishi Raj Baral and Nandis Adhikari and published by Bhakta Bahadur Memorial Academy- a research institute, established in the name of former General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (FC).
This is the collection of articles in Nepalese vernacular, concerning the significance of Mao and Maoist Movement. This book is divided into three section. First section includes articles from the Chinese Communist Party of Mao era. Here are two texts from the Mao’s Collected Works : ”Some questions concerning the method of leadership” and ”Some experience in our Party’s history”. And other texts are ”Proposal Concerning the general Line of the International Communist Movement”, from the The great Debate, and ”The training of Successors for the revolutionary cause of the Proletariat” from A Basic Understanding of the Communist Party of China (1974), first published in English by Norman Bethune Institute. In this section it includes another text, ”On the Path of Revolution in semi-colonial semi-feudal countries: Fusion Theory”, a portion from the Open Letter to Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) From the Communist Party of India (Maoist)
In the second section, it includes an article from (New) Italian Communist party: ”Gramsci and the Protracted Revolutionary Peoples War”. We all know Gramsci was/is a revolutionary leader and thinker. But it is a matter of irony that some of the leaders of Maoist Movement of Nepal, are not clear about the contribution of Gramsci. This article will enrich the perceptive of ‘Maoist leaders’, who still think Gramsci as a revisionist politician. In this section we have another article by Comrade Ajith- the writer of most appreciated book Against Avakianism, who is now imprisoned in the Indian jail, ”Indian Expansionism’s Big Power Dreams” from the People’s March. And other articles are by Henry C. K. Liu: ”The Historical Significance of Mao Zedong” and ”The Struggle for Socialism in China, the Bo Xilai saga and beyond” by Yuezhi Zhao. This is a very interesting article that unmasks the real face of Chinese new comprador class.
Third section includes articles from Nepalese Maoist intellectuals Prof. Ramesh Sharma and Rishi Raj Baral. Sharma in his article ”Communist Movement and the political line”, has mentioned that Nepalese Maoist Movement is facing some ideological and political problems, particularly in the political line. He has mentioned that not only Prachanda and his clique, Baidhya faction also has abandoned the path of revolution, they don’t have any separate political line. In his opinion, Prachand and Baidhya both are running in the same vehicle.
Dr. Baral, then Central Committee Member of Baidhya faction, in his long but analytical article ”Nepalese Maoist Movement : Ideological ‘crisis’ and Struggle”, has put the history of two line struggle within International Communist Movement. He has outlined that how the revolutionary leaders like Marx–Engles, Lenin, Stalin and Mao fought against the revisionists of their time and carried forward the revolutionary line to secure the International Communist Movement. He has mentioned that Prachand and his clique has turned into a neo- reactionary group, they have accepted the politics of Bourgeois parliamentary system.
According to Com. Baral, both Mohan Baidhya ‘Kiran’, leader of CPN-Maoist, and Netra Bikram Chanda ‘Biplav’, leader of CPN Maoist, have abandoned the path of revolution guided by Mao tse-tung. They are insisting that, in the current situation, there is no possibility of People’s War following the Mao tse- tung line. Then, one is pleading for the ‘insurrection’ and another is pleading the line of ‘unified revolution.’ In fact, both have abandoned the revolutionary line of New Democratic Revolution. Both have discarded the significance of ”three magic weapons” guided by Mao tse-tung. In instead, in the name of changed national and International situation, they have pleaded to ‘develop’ a ‘New Model’—the fusion theory. As Com. Baral has mentioned in his article : ”They have mentioned Maoism in their Party Documents, but in practice they have abandoned the Maoist road—the road of People’s War.” Com. Baral has stressed that the role of Mao’s ideological, political and military line is still relevant, not only for the Nepalese Revolution, but also for the International Communist Movement.
In fact, Maoist Road is one and only one way for the Nepalese New Democratic Revolution. In the name of changed situation, how can we minimize the role of Mao and Maoism for the Nepalese revolution! How we can discard the significance of ‘three magical weapons’ ? But it has happened so. Both Baidhya and Biplav has done it. In result, both have denied the value of the Proletarian Internationalism. We must support the Maoist Comrades, who are fighting against the domestic reactionary forces and abroad. Particularly, we must support the Peoples War in India. But, both Baidhya and Biplav have not spoken even a single word in their document on this issue. They have not condemned the state terror launched by the fascist Modi regime. Not only this, they have decided to make good relation with Chinese Communist Party, and it is open secret that some of the Politburo members of Baidhya faction have good relation with the Indian agencies. Right now, for the identity politics based federalism, Baidhya faction has made alliance with Tarai based pro-Indian organizations.
It is crystal clear, that in the name of changed situation Baidhya and Biplav both have abandoned the path of People’s War—in fact, the path of New Democratic Revolution.
We think, this is a book published in the right time.
No matter, a grave, but essential debate has begun within the Maoist Movement of Nepal. Maoism or liquidationism ? Now we have the choice which way we want to move.
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